In China: The Boxer Rebellion band of people called the Yihequan (“Righteous and Harmonious Fists”), who believed that a mysterious boxing art rendered them. Buy Righteous And Harmonious Fists: Read Digital Music Reviews - elomq.info “Righteous and Harmonious Fists” (Yihequan 义和拳), because they practiced martial arts and traditional military techniques. They.
History in Three Keys: Further, they popularly claimed that millions of spirit soldiers would descend from the heavens and assist them in purifying China of foreign influences. The society led xenophobic actions, first hostile towards the Qing Manchu dynasty , then allies with it to fight occidentals, Japanese and Christians. Join historian Yohuru Williams as he gives a quick lesson on the Boxer Rebellion, a violent anti-foreign and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China in the late 19th century. Discipline was a crucial trait of the Boxers. You will soon receive an activation email. It probably appeared in the Shandong during the beginning of the s, as an heir of the Eight Trigram Sect Bagua Jiao , who started the Eight Trigrams uprising of
It became a massive movement counting between 50, and , members. The society led xenophobic actions, first hostile towards the Qing Manchu dynasty , then allies with it to fight occidentals, Japanese and Christians. In the Western world, the society was mainly known as the Boxers, due to its members' practice of Kung Fu , at the time called "Chinese boxing". Throughout history, China has had a tradition of secret societies.
The political history of the Chinese Empire is filled with rebellions, often led by such societies backed by peasants during agricultural crises. The Boxer movement fits exactly in this description. It probably appeared in the Shandong during the beginning of the s, as an heir of the Eight Trigram Sect Bagua Jiao , who started the Eight Trigrams uprising of The movement was composed of illiterate people. First and foremost peasants, to which were added idle youth, ruined artisans and laid off workers.
The movement was organised in several groups, that each had their chief, commanding between 25 and men. While in battle, the Boxers were often organised in sub-groups of 10 men. Discipline was a crucial trait of the Boxers. They swore absolute obedience to their chiefs and were forbidden to pillage, steal or molest Chinese civilians, accept gifts, have relations with women, eat meat or drink tea.
Being very superstitious, the Boxers believed they had superhuman strength and were invulnerable due to their mastery of ritual practice of Chinese martial arts. It was because of the two disastrous Opium Wars that led to the many foreign concessions and military occupation in China, the Unequal Treaties , and the weakness of the Imperial Government of the Qing Dynasty to manage the country that the Boxers rose up and decided to bring justice themselves.
In March , the Boxers started to agitate the population in the streets with the slogan "Overthrow the Qing, destroy foreigners! Their main leader was Cao FuTian. After a battle with the Imperial troops in October , the Boxers focussed mainly on anti missionaries and Christian activities, as they were considered "tainting the purity of the Chinese culture".
The Qing government was divided towards how to react to the Boxers activities, but conservatives element of the court were in favour of them. At the meeting, the crown prince even wore a Boxer uniform to show alliance. At the beginning of the month of June, about men of the Eight-Nation Alliance arrived in Beijing to protect the foreign legations under siege by the Boxers and Imperial Army, in what was the Siege of the International Legations.
The Boxers were at their peak, now supported by some elements of the Imperial Army. They changed their slogan to "Support the Qing, destroy foreigners!
The Boxers multiplied their murderous actions against foreigners and Chinese Christians. In Beijing, the Boxers were officially placed under command of members of the Court, such as Prince Duan. During the Rebellion, the Boxers, fighting troops of the Eight-Nation Alliance with close combat weapons or even their own hands, were decimated.
After the conflict, The Empress Dowager Ci Xi ordered the repression of the remaining Boxers, in an attempt to calm the foreign nations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Righteous Harmony Society. History of Imperial China portal. China in Transformation, Retrieved from " https: Boxer Rebellion Chinese secret societies in China 19th-century establishments in China 19th century in China.